Soenke Zehle on „Cooperative Futures: Technologies of the Common in the Collaborative Economy“

Open Divide: Critical Studies on Open AccessThe anthology „Open Divide: Critical Studies on Open Access“ was  published on April 1, it can be ordered now, e.g. via Amazon.

Today I published (on behalf of the author) Soenke Zehle’s contribution to Open Divide online, Cooperative Futures: Technologies of the Common in the Collaborative Economy.

The abstract to his piece is: „The creation of ambient media architectures brings machinic multiplicities into existence whose autonomy cannot be folded back easily into a politics of representation. In and of itself, this is nothing new – the autonomy of pollution particles or radiation waves has challenged attempts to regulate the consequences of their actions for a long time, giving rise to multiple bodies of thought, policy, and strategy in political ecology, systems design, and complexity governance. The interest in new forms of cooperation is driven largely by similar concerns, searching for ways of collaboration that allow a much higher degree of individual and collective self-determination to pursue shared concerns. Current debates on cooperativism take seriously the role of peer-to-peer logics in the shift from shared use to shared ownership, the power of computational infrastructures to scale local efforts beyond the boundaries of micropolitical solutions, and the need to affirm broader genealogies of the technological condition. Cooperativism research outlines a large horizon for action and analysis, exploring economic, social, and political strategies for an economy of shared ownership and collective self-organization. These social technologies of the common design the scene for cooperation.“

The list of all articles in the anthology with links to texts available as Open Access publications can be found here.

Here is the bibliographic information on Open Divide:
Open Divide: Critical Studies on Open Access
Editors: Joachim Schöpfel and Ulrich Herb
Publisher: Litwin Books
ISBN: 978-1-63400-029-1

Open Access and Symbolic Gift Giving

Open Divide: Critical Studies on Open AccessThe anthology „Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access“ will be officially published on April 1, but can already be ordered now, e.g. via Amazon.

Therefore I published my contribution to Open Divide online today: Open Access and Symbolic Gift Giving.

The abstract to my piece is:  „Open access has changed. At the beginning of the millennium, it was portrayed in a romanticizing way and was embedded in a conceptual ensemble of participation, democratization, digital commons and equality. Nowadays, open access seems to be exclusive: to the extent that commercial players have discovered it as a business model and article fees have become a defining feature of gold open access, open access has increasingly transformed into a distinguishing feature and an exclusive element. Scientists are beginning to make the choice of a university or research institution as an employer based on whether or not they can afford to cover the article fees for publications in high-impact but high-priced journals. Surprisingly, this transformation of open access is not the subject of any noteworthy discussion in specialist or journalistic publications, but instead the ideals of the digital commons of knowledge still prevail in these venues. Even so open access is increasingly becoming an instrument that creates exclusivity, exclusion, distinction and prestige. These functions, however, are obscured by symbolic gift giving strategies and presented as altruistically staged, so that in the discourse of the open access community and in media reporting on open access, the both euphemistic and largely obsolete prosocial story-telling of open access dominates. The paper also discusses the question of whether the concept of open access was not overstrained by the hopes placed in it.“

The list of all articles in the anthology with links to texts available as Open Access publications can be found here.

Here is the bibliographic information on Open Divide:
Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access
Editors: Joachim Schöpfel and Ulrich Herb
Price: $35.00
Expected: April 2018
Publisher: Litwin Books
ISBN: 978-1-63400-029-1

Iryna Kuchma on „Open Access Initiatives and Networking in the Global South“

Open Divide: Critical Studies on Open AccessSome days ago Iryna Kuchma’s published her contribution to the anthology „Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access“ on Zenodo under http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1176573.

Here is also the abstract of her article „Open Access Initiatives and Networking in the Global South“: „This short study highlights the impact of open access in the Global South. Featuring collaborative open access initiatives in Algeria, Kenya, Myanmar, Nigeria, Nepal, Palestine, Tanzania, Uganda and Latin American countries, it showcases success and describes the challenges that we still face. It also questions a notion of a journal article – perhaps already becoming obsolete – and discusses the growing preprints initiatives to speed up the availability of research results. The value of regional journal and repository networks enhancing open access content in Europe and Latin America is also discussed as well as the impact human networks make in the Global South.“

The list of all articles in the anthology with links to texts available as Open Access publications can be found here.

Here is the bibliographic information on Open Divide:
Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access
Editors: Ulrich Herb and Joachim Schöpfel
Price: $35.00
Expected: Spring 2018
Publisher: Litwin Books
ISBN: 978-1-63400-029-1

Samuel Moore on „Open/Access: Negotiations Between Openness and Access to Research“

Open Divide: Critical Studies on Open AccessAnother notice of an Open Access publication from the anthology „Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access„: Samuel Moore published his text „Open/Access: Negotiations Between Openness and Access to Research“ on the repository of the King’s College London under https://kclpure.kcl.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/openaccess(4d219d49-4f8e-4940-b3b9-f27f4afb72af).html.

Here is also the abstract of Samuel’s article: „Open access (OA) is a contested term with a complicated history and a variety of understandings. This rich history is routinely ignored by institutional, funder and governmental policies that instead enclose the concept and promote narrow approaches to OA. This paper presents a genealogy of the term open access, focusing on the separate histories that emphasise openness and reusability on the one hand, as borrowed from the open-source software and free culture movements, and accessibility on the other hand, as represented by proponents of institutional and subject repositories. From analysing its historical underpinnings and subsequent development, I argue that OA is best conceived as a boundary object, i.e. OA is less suitable as a policy object because boundary objects lose their use-value when ‘enclosed’ at a general level, but should instead be treated as a community-led, grassroots endeavour.“

The list of all articles in the anthology with links to texts available as Open Access publications can be found here.

Here is the bibliographic information on Open Divide:
Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access
Editors: Ulrich Herb and Joachim Schöpfel
Price: $35.00
Expected: Spring 2018
Publisher: Litwin Books
ISBN: 978-1-63400-029-1

Florence Piron on „Postcolonial Open Access“

Open Divide: Critical Studies on Open AccessAnother article from the anthology „Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access“ is online. Florence Piron published her contribution „Postcolonial Open Access“ available on the repository of the Université Laval under http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/16178.

Here is also the abstract of Florence’s article: „Is open access the solution to many of the problems faced in the Global South by postcolonial universities, lacking the resources and capacity to subscribe to expensive scientific journals? In this chapter, drawing on an action-research project in Haiti and in Francophone Africa, I argue that this is not the case. On the contrary, open access can become a tool of neocolonialism if it only gives students and academics better access to science from the North. I conclude with recommendations to make open access an instrument of emancipation and cognitive justice in Africa and Haiti.“

The list of all articles in the anthology with links to texts available as Open Access publications can be found here.

Here is the bibliographic information on Open Divide:
Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access
Editors: Ulrich Herb and Joachim Schöpfel
Price: $35.00
Expected: Spring 2018
Publisher: Litwin Books
ISBN: 978-1-63400-029-1

Elena Šimukovič on „Open Access, a New Kind of Emerging Knowledge Regime?“

Open Divide: Critical Studies on Open AccessFollowing Jutta Haider and Richard Poynder, Elena Šimukovič has now published her contribution to the anthology „Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access“ online.

Elena made her contribution worth reading „Open Access, a New Kind of Emerging Knowledge Regime?“ available on the repository of the University of Vienna under https://phaidra.univie.ac.at/view/o:653995.

Here is also the abstract of Elena’s article: „Open Access as a programmatic name for a new mode of dissemination of scholarly publications has been around since the turn of this millennium. However, a considerable accumulation of calls for a more rapid transition from journal subscription towards ‚full‘ Open Access system can be observed in the recent years. By looking at some of the beginning aspirations of the Open Access movement as well as proposed disruption scenarios this contribution aims at discussing some of less visible aspects in current debates and to give a glimpse at embedding this sort of initiatives in a conceptual framework by making use of the notion of an emerging ‚knowledge regime‘. „

The list of all articles in the anthology with links to texts available as Open Access publications can be found here.

Here is the bibliographic information on Open Divide:
Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access
Editors: Ulrich Herb and Joachim Schöpfel
Price: $35.00
Expected: Spring 2018
Publisher: Litwin Books
ISBN: 978-1-63400-029-1

Jutta Haider on „Openness as Tool for Acceleration and Measurement: Reflections on Problem Representations Underpinning Open Access and Open Science“

Jutta Haider on "Openness as Tool for Acceleration and Measurement: Reflections on Problem Representations Underpinning Open Access and Open Science"As mentioned in this blog, Joachim Schöpfel and I will publish the anthology „Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access“ in Spring 2018. The book will not be published in Gold Open Access, but all authors retain the right to make their contribution openly available on a repository (or elsewhere).

Jutta Haider has published her contribution „Openness as Tool for Acceleration and Measurement: Reflections on Problem Representations Underpinning Open Access and Open Science“ on the reprository of Lund University https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/publication/070c067e-5675-455e-a4b2-81f82b6c75a7.

I recommend the text to all those who are interested in a reflection on Open Access. I have learned a lot from reading the article.

Here is also the abstract of Jutta’s contribution: „Increasingly open access emerges as an issue that researchers, universities, and various infrastructure providers, such as libraries and academic publishers, have to relate to. Commonly policies requiring open access are framed as expanding access to information and hence as being part of a democratization of society and knowledge production processes. However, there are also other aspects that are part of the way in which open access is commonly imagined in the various policy documents, declarations, and institutional demands that often go unnoticed. This essay wants to foreground some of these issues by asking the overarching question: ‚What is the problem that open access is seen to solve represented to be?‘ The paper will discuss how demands to open up access to research align also with an administrative enclosure and managerial processes of control and evaluation. It will show that while demands for free and open access to research publications – created or compiled in research processes funded by public money – are seen as contributing to the knowledge base for advancing society for a common good and in that sense framed as part of a liberating discourse, these demands are also expression of a shift of control of the science community to invisible research infrastructures and to an apparatus of administration as well as subscribing to an ideal of entrepreneurialism as well as continuing a problematic and much criticized understanding of Western science as universal.“

The list of all articles in the anthology with links to texts available as Open Access publications can be found here. Joachim Schöpfel and I encourage all authors to publish their texts Open Access and in this blog I will provide a list of links to theses full texts.

Here is the bibliographic information on Open Divide:
Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access
Editors: Ulrich Herb and Joachim Schöpfel
Price: $35.00
Expected: Spring 2018
Publisher: Litwin Books
ISBN: 978-1-63400-029-1

Richard Poynder’s Preface of „Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access“ is available online

Richard Poynder's Preface of "Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access" is available onlineAs mentioned earlier in this blog, Joachim Schöpfel and I will publish the anthology „Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access“ in Spring 2018.  The book itself will not be published in Gold Open Access, but all authors retain the right to make their contribution openly available on a repository (or elsewhere).

Here is the bibliographic information on Open Divide:
Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access
Editors: Ulrich Herb and Joachim Schöpfel
Price: $35.00
Expected: Spring 2018
Publisher: Litwin Books
ISBN: 978-1-63400-029-1

Richard Poynder has already published his contribution, the preface to Open Divide, in his blog: https://poynder.blogspot.de/2018/01/preface-open-divide.html.

The list of all articles in the anthology with links to texts available as Open Access publications can be found here. Joachim Schöpfel and I encourage all authors to publish their texts Open Access and in this blog I will provide a list of links to theses full texts.

An important topic in Open Divide is the ongoing commercialisation of Open Access. In Germany, the DEAL project is trying to promote Open  Access and in particular to counteract this commercialisation by setting up Open Access consortia with major scientific publishers. However, it is sometimes feared that DEAL can intensify precisely this commercialization. Here are two hints that may be useful in this context:

Björn Brembs & Alex Holcombe (2017). Open access in Germany : the best DEAL is no deal with Elsevier. Times Higher Education. Retrieved from https://www.timeshighereducation.com/blog/open-access-germany-best-deal-no-deal

Ulrich Herb, „Ist Open Access an ein Ende gelangt? Ein Interview“. LIBREAS. Library Ideas, 32 (2017). http://libreas.eu/ausgabe32/herb/

Open Access: Von Inklusion zu Exklusivität?

open lock photo
Photo by Nelo Hotsuma Open Access: Von Inklusion zu Exklusivität?

Anlässlich der Open-Access-Tage 2017 in Dresden referierte ich in der Session „Debatten“ dazu, inwiefern sich Open Access zu einem kommerziellen und exklusiven Modell entwickelt. Die Folien zum Vortrag sind via slideshare verfügbar und auf dieser Seite eingebettet.

Es existiert auch eine zitierfähige Version auf Zenodo:
Herb, Ulrich (2017). Open Access: Von Inklusion zu Exklusivität?  DOI:10.5281/zenodo.1001901

Hier der Abstract zu meinem Vortrag: „Open Access scheint sich gewandelt zu haben. Um die Jahrtausendwende wurde er in Fach- und journalistischen Publikationen romantisierend dargestellt und war in ein Begriffsensemble aus Partizipation, Nivellierung, Demokratisierung, digitaler Allmende und Gleichberechtigung eingeordnet. Heute scheint Open Access exklusiver zu werden: In dem Maß, indem kommerzielle Akteure ihn als Geschäftsmodell entdeckten und Artikelgebühren zu einem prägenden Merkmal des goldenen Open Access wurden, entwickelte sich Open Access zusehends zu einem Exzellenzmerkmal und Exklusivitätsfaktor. Wissenschaftler beginnen mittlerweile die Wahl einer Hochschule oder Forschungseinrichtung als Arbeitgeber auch danach zu richten, ob diese anfallende Artikelgebühren in impact-trächtigen, aber hochpreisigen Journalen übernehmen wollen. Erstaunlicherweise wird diese Wandelung des Open Access weder in Fach- noch journalistischen Publikationen nennenswert thematisiert, vielmehr herrscht hier immer noch die Vorstellung der digitalen Wissensallmende. Dieser Beitrag führt die These aus, Open Access sei dabei von einem wissenschaftssozialen Unterfangen zu einem gewinnmaximierenden und Exklusivität wie Distinktion herstellenden Projekt zu werden.“

Open Access wird, so der Tenor des Vortrages, zusehends zu einem Instrument, das Exklusivität, Exklusion, Distinktion und Prestige herstellt. Diese Funktionen werden jedoch durch Strategien des symbolischen Schenkens als altruistisch inszeniert, so dass in der internen Darstellung der Open Access Community wie in der medialen Berichterstattung über Open Access das gleichermaßen beschönigende wie weitgehend überholte prosoziale Story-Telling des Open Access dominiert.

Der Beitrag ist eine Kurzfassung zu meinem Artikel in einer Ende des Jahres erscheinenden Anthologie, die von Joachim Schöpfel und mir herausgegeben wird:

Open Divide? Critical Studies on Open Access
Editors: Ulrich Herb and Joachim Schöpfel
Price: $35.00
Expected: Fall 2017
Publisher: Litwin Books
ISBN: 978-1-63400-029-1